Thursday, March 28, 2013

The word for King in Biblical Aramaic.

Today΄s word in Biblical Aramaic is melek which means King. King seems to be a favourite word for many Aramaic lessons that I have come across.


Here is how to write King (mlk) omitting the vowels.
mlk
King 



And here is how to write the same word using vowels symbols.
melek with vowels


The three dots below the letter mark the 'e' vowel.

The two dots below the last letter are called shewa.The shewa indicates either a vowel which sounds kind of like 'ah' or a the absence of a vowel.In our case in the word melek the shewa means that there is no vowel and it is not pronounced.



The last letter is the final form of K which is capitalized when transcribed to distinguish it from k-the initial and medial form.




Note that the word for King in Syriac is malka.

That΄s it for today!

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Wednesday, March 27, 2013

Basic prepositions in Syriac Aramaic

Good day.Today we will learn some basic prepositions in Aramaic.Lets start.
 


b-at,in,with (instrumental case,e.g. with a stone) 
d-of 
l-to,for,the (sometimes it just means 'the' ,like the definite article.
w(a)-and

men-from
ayka-where
l-mana-why
men
'from' in Syriac

examples
b-Tura  =on the mountain
l-Tura =to the mountain
wa-Tura =and the mountain.
men Tura-from the mountain.

They fled to the mountain.
'raq l-Tura.

Son of God
bar d'alaha (Syriac)
l-Tura
to the mountain


The man wrote to the woman.
Ktab Gabra l-attta.

My God,my God, why have you forsaken me?
Elohi,Elohi! L-mana sabakhtani?

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Wednesday, March 20, 2013

Some greetings in Targumic Aramaic.


Good morning!
צפרא טבא
tsafra tava

Good evening!
רמשא עבא
ramsha tava

Live for ever!
לעלםין היי
le-almeen h´ee

Peace to you!
שׁלם לכין
Shlam lekhon



Read also
Some aramaic greetings!
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Monday, March 11, 2013

Gender of nouns in Syriac

There are two genders of nouns in Syriac,masculine and feminine.Most feminine  nouns take the -ta ending.

There is no distinction between definite and indefinite nouns in Syriac.They both end in -a.In earlier forms of Aramaic there was a distinction between the two.The -a ending noted the definite article.


Examples.

masculine
malka-king -   ܡܠܟܐ
tura-mountain  - ܬܩܪܐ
nuna-fish  -   ܢܘܢܐ

feminine
malkta-queen ܡܠܟܬܐ
ar'a-earth 
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